Finance is a key consideration for many businesses. In a productive sense, it can be used to operate, to fund or secure a specific trade, and to fund growth. Businesses also should seek to understand their counterparties’ financial position to assess counterparty default risk. There are not many aspects of business that are unaffected by finance, in some shape or form.

Our lawyers have extensive experience acting for banks against defaulting borrowers, trading companies pursuing trade finance banks for failing to honour contractual debts, assessing financial instruments for asset recovery, and acting for various other financial institutions in a range of cases and projects.

Zeiler Floyd Zadkovich’s finance & banking work is interwoven with its sector focus and practice area capabilities. This creates a unique offering, where we have excellent finance knowledge and can apply that to achieving our clients’ business objectives. We believe that our ability to understand the finance context of a dispute or project sets us apart.

Financial collapses

We have advised on and been involved for clients in an array of financial collapses. The British Steel liquidation of 2019, the Hanjin collapse of 2016, the OW Bunkers failure of 2015, various corporate collapses out of the 2008/9 Global Financial Crisis and the HIH Insurance collapse of 2001 are examples of financial collapses that we have been involved in.

Our partners have acted for creditors in all of these global issues, taking steps to protect their position, seeking to secure assets if possible, asserting liens and/or equitable charges over property, and navigating through the bankruptcy and restructuring process.

Most recently, we have been handling an increasing number of cases related to the economic fallout from the pandemic of 2020. While initially reluctant to take harsh positions against counterparties, many market participants are now having to mitigate their exposure and launch recovery actions.

Back to top

Trade Finance

Buying and selling commodities is typically underpinned by trade finance, whether on a per trade or portfolio basis. The global supply chain has set up mechanisms to protect the involvement of financiers. The entire Letter of Credit system is about securing the sellers’ payment in respect of goods to be shipped across the seas, while simultaneously setting up a clear, reliable mechanism by which the buyer has confidence that the seller has provided the necessary documents to obtain payment and to allow the buyer to on-sell title if it so chooses.

In addition to assisting clients with structuring trade finance platforms and advisory projects, we handle major trade finance disputes in arbitration and litigation. They may involve the acceptance of discrepant documents, unnecessary delays in the banking channel, pursuing a bank for liabilities under a bill of lading, and other finance related issues. As an example, we recently acted for a financing bank that had wound up a borrower’s trading facility and then had to recoup its position under a series of open bills of lading. The difficulty was that the goods had since been delivered without presentation of the original bills and the shipowners had liquidity issues.

Back to top

We have experience acting for financiers and banks in the winding up or foreclosing process with their borrowers. This can involve asserting rights in property that may be been pledged under loan documentation. Such work plays to our strengths in understanding the finance documentation and also how to pursue companies’ assets globally – in these cases, the borrowers’ assets. Often when banks are needed to take such harsh action against customers it is because the prevailing market conditions have contributed to the borrowers’ financial failure. The effect of this is that the pledged asset class may also not have the realisable value that the financier had been contemplating. This is where we step in to search for and seize other possible assets.

Back to top


Financial institutions globally continue to be under regulators and legislators’ watchful supervision. The post-2008 Global Financial Crisis rearrangements in the US, the Brexit-related restructuring of financial institutions in Britain and Europe, and the recent Australian Royal Commission into the Banking, Superannuation and Financial Services Industry, are all examples. The current US approach towards banking sector deregulation possibly bucks that trend, although there remains significant, multi-layered oversight throughout the US.

These macro events impact on the prevalence of disputes. They exemplify why it is important legal advisors understand the inner workings of financial institutions and the regulatory context in handling related insurance work. Our lawyers have been involved in many high profile cases, including major litigation that followed the HIH insurance collapse in Australia defending a leading reinsurance broker, acting for primary insurers in multiple reinsurance coverage disputes, and handling a regulatory investigation into a major bank’s pension policies for primary insurers. We also have corporate experience acting for an international foreign exchange trading company in large-scale cases in England and the US.

We have advised primary insurers on various professional indemnity cases involving financial advisers, accountants, lawyers and other professionals. These cases require careful and efficient management, meeting insurer service levels and expectations.

Back to top
Calum Cheyne
Partner - London
Luke Zadkovich
Partner - New York, London, Sydney
Gerold Zeiler
Partner - New York, Vienna
Ondrej Cech
Senior Associate - Vienna
Thomas Herbst
Senior Associate - Vienna
Augusto Garcia Sanjur
Associate - London
Jakub Mikulski
Paralegal - London
  • Assisting an accounting inspection body in their day-to-day employment matters.

  • Ongoing employment law support of the Austrian subsidiary of an international auditing company, including the amendment of the working time scheme, the termination of employment relationship and the representation in court against former employees.

  • Representation of clients, multiple entities from multiple countries involved in exchange trading business, in defense of fraud allegations brought by a Greek billionaire and related companies.

  • Representation of an US entity in Czech-centred post M&A and fraud case (EUR 10 million, ICC ).

  • Representation of a Western European financial entity in Austrian annulment proceedings regarding an ICC award against several European entities (EUR 10 million, Austrian courts – including the Supreme Court).

  • Representing a global trading service in a successful strike out/summary judgment application and security for costs application in the High Court of England & Wales, after allegations were made of breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty and commission of the tort of conspiracy to injure by unlawful means.

  • Defending Turkish Fin-Tech entrepeneur from allegations by former business associate(former employee/ consultant) that major foreign exchange trading business/ platform and technology developer was / is owned by a partnership rather than outright and solely by entreprneur.

  • Defense of client, an entity involved in the foreign exchange industry, against fraud allegations in Chicago, Illinois, as part of a global defense effort. Successfully obtained vacatur of a default judgment and dismissal of the action with the vacated default judgment.

    Chambers Europe 2017

    • Gerold Zeiler
      "Founding partner Gerold Zeiler is an unrivalled arbitration expert, acting as both arbitrator and counsel on high-stakes international cases. Clients extol him as “one of the grands seigneurs of the Austrian arbitration community. He is very experienced, very smart but very friendly, with very good business acumen.” He is instructed by a strong banking and energy names as well as government entities.""
  • Russian RICO | Case by Case (Ep. 74)

    Russian RICO | Case by Case (Ep. 74)

    As we are watching the breaking late-night US news that the former President, Donald Trump, and 18 others, have been indicted by grand jury with conspiracy under the RICO Act in the state of Georgia, USA – this Case by Case episode (#74) comes at an opportune time.

  • Fresh Quince-of-Bel Care Duties | Case by Case (Ep. 72)

    Fresh Quince-of-Bel Care Duties | Case by Case (Ep. 72)

    With Luke on the move this week, Calum drafted in his compatriot Leo Rees-Murphy to discuss the recent Supreme Court decision in Philipp v Barclays.

  • A case by case of Case by Case: Live in New York | Case by Case (Ep. 67)

    A case by case of Case by Case: Live in New York | Case by Case (Ep. 67)

    Calum and Luke had a lot of fun in NY doing this session in front of key clients last week. Our colleagues’ heckling notwithstanding. Essentially, we skip through 6 recent English cases from the first half of 2023. Some we’ve done before and some are new. Traversing plenty of territory in the shipping, commodities and insurance space. This pod will give you a good flavour of what’s been going on in the courts.
    And yes, that’s our wacky art wall in the NYC office and not a virtual background…

  • Cause and (no) effect | Case by Case (Ep. 65)

    Cause and (no) effect | Case by Case (Ep. 65)

    This week Luke and Calum discuss the English Court of Appeal case of Unicredit Bank AG v Euronav NV [2023] EWCA Civ 471.

    This is a fascinating case that gets into the heart of the status of paper bills of lading. It highlights the dangers for banks in relying on paper bills, where the charterparty allows for novation of the charterparty and delivery against a letter of indemnity from charterers.

  • Bankers eat Quince(care) late in HK | Case by Case (Ep. 58)

    Bankers eat Quince(care) late in HK | Case by Case (Ep. 58)

    This week Luke and Calum welcome a special guest! Matthew McGhee, barrister with Twenty Essex Chambers to discuss Hong Kong Final Court of Appeal case PT Asuransi Tugu Pratama Indonesia TBK v Citibank NA [2023] HKCFA 3.

    We hope you enjoy!

  • Are Bitcoin Developers Fiduciaries? | Case by Case (Ep. 53)

    Are Bitcoin Developers Fiduciaries? | Case by Case (Ep. 53)

    Do bitcoin developers owe fiduciary duties to users?
    How does the law overlay and cope with a fast developing area of societal life? How should the law regulate the internet?
    These are questions for our time. And questions that will impact the future significantly.
    Absolutely fascinating seeing the English Court of Appeal grapple with these issues on case Tulip Trading Limited (A Seychelles Company) v Bitcoin Association For BSV & Ors [2023] EWCA Civ 83 (03 February 2023) – even if this is only Part 1 in the saga.
  • Guess Who? | Case by Case (Ep. 46)

    Guess Who? | Case by Case (Ep. 46)

    In this episode, Luke Zadkovich and Calum Cheyne discuss the English Court of Appeal case Loreley Financing (Jersey) No 30 Ltd v Credit Suisse Securities (Europe) Ltd & Ors [2022] EWCA Civ 1484 (10 November 2022). An issue on privilege decided for the first time in centuries…
    Is the identity of individuals providing instructions for a client inherently privileged ?
    Is there a Canadian style “zone of privacy” in English law privilege?
    Don’t forget the proportionality test in RFI requests!
    The Lord Justice Males Fan Club rollicks on. Listen in to discover this surprising case. For more, check out our ⁠YouTube channel.
  • Ashwin Shanker and Luke Zadkovich discuss liens, LOIs, force majeure and COVID-19
  • Fraudulent Asset Transfers
  • Cross-Border Insolvency