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  • EU Parliament adopted AI Act | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    EU Parliament adopted AI Act | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    On 13 March 2024, after three years of negotiations, the European Parliament finally adopted the Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act), the first comprehensive statutory framework worldwide that regulates artificial intelligence systems.

    A provisional agreement on the adoption of the Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act) has already been reached in December 2023. Now, the AI Act has been formally passed by the European Parliament.

  • Landmark decision by the ECJ on GDPR fines | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    Landmark decision by the ECJ on GDPR fines | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    In a long-awaited decision, the ECJ made two important clarifications regarding the conditions under which companies can be sanctioned under the GDPR.

  • EU agrees on framework of AI Act | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    EU agrees on framework of AI Act | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    Last Friday, the European Union reached a provisional agreement on the adoption of the Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act). With this achievement, the EU has the potential to become a pioneer as the AI Act will be the first comprehensive statutory framework that regulates artificial intelligence systems like ChatGPT or Llama.

  • ECJ on the discrimination of part-time employees | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    ECJ on the discrimination of part-time employees | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    A payment scheme, which provides for extra payments above a certain number of normal working hours discriminates against part-time employees pursuant to recent European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruling.
    Based on the applicable collective bargaining agreement, German Lufthansa paid its employees additional remuneration once they had reached a certain number of flight service hours during their normal working hours.

  • Jody Wood on the Judicial Sale of Ships

    Jody Wood on the Judicial Sale of Ships

    The Beijing Convention provides a framework for the rights and obligations of stakeholders following judicial sale of ships, whether that be by judicial auction or by way of private treaty. The framework increases protection for prospective purchasers of those ships, usually being sold in the context of enforcement of maritime claim proceedings. The clearly stated aim of the Convention is to realise better value for ships sold in distressed circumstances, on the basis that higher prices benefit debtors and creditors alike.

    In this update, we take a look at the main provisions of the Beijing Convention and what they mean for stakeholders in judicial sales of vessels.

    Read the full article here.

  • Reimbursement of expenses for home office | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    Reimbursement of expenses for home office | ZFZ Postcard Cases

    In a landmark decision the Austrian Supreme Court for the first time approved an employee’s claim for reimbursement of expenses when working from home.